Keywords: solar irradiance, prediction, modelling, solar radiation, sunshine duration, air temperature, relative humidity, artificial neural networks, ANNs, solar energy, solar power, renewable energy
Modelling and prediction of global, direct and diffuse hourly solar irradiance
In this paper, a model for predicting hourly global, diffuse and direct solar irradiance is described. A dataset of measured air temperature, relative humidity, direct, diffuse and global horizontal irradiance for Madinah site (Saudi Arabia) were used in this study. Several combinations have been proposed, and the best performance is obtained by using sunshine duration, air temperature and relative humidity as inputs of the model. A good agreement between measured and predicted data is obtained. In fact, the correlation coefficient is more than 97% and the mean bias error is less than 0.8%. A comparison between artificial neural network (ANN) and the proposed model is presented in order to demonstrate its performance.