Inderscience Publishers

Modelling of CO
2
content in the atmosphere until 2300: influence of energy intensity of gross domestic product and carbon intensity of energy

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The study provides a model of CO2 content in the atmosphere based on the global carbon cycle and the Kaya identity. The influences of: 1) energy intensity of GDP; 2) carbon intensity of energy on CO2 trajectories are given under four scenarios. The results from the most optimistic and technologically challenging scenario show that the atmospheric CO2 concentration can stabilise at 610 ppmv. It is also shown that the annual growth rates of atmospheric CO2peak for all the scenarios before 2100 due to the expected world population peak in 2075 and the large share of fossil fuel energy.

Keywords: CO2 concentration trajectory, carbon dioxide, global carbon cycle, GCC, Kaya identity, energy intensity, carbon intensity, modelling, carbon content, air pollution, air quality, gross domestic product, GDP, fossil fuel energy

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