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Modelling oxyanion adsorption on ferralic soil. 2. Chromate, selenate, molybdate, and arsenate adsorption

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High levels of oxyanions are found in the soil environment, often as a result of human activity. At high concentrations, oxyanions can be harmful to both humans and wildlife. Information about the interactions between oxyanions and natural samples is essential for understanding the bioavailability, toxicity and transport of these compounds in the environment. In the present study, we investigated the reactivity of different oxyanions (AsO4, MoO4, SeO4 and CrO4) at different pH in two horizons of a ferralic soil. By combining available microscopic data on iron oxides with the macroscopic data obtained here, we were able to use the charge distribution (CD) model to accurately describe the adsorption of these four oxyanions and thus to determine the surface speciation. The CD model was previously calibrated and evaluated using phosphate adsorption/desorption data. The adsorption behaviour on the ferralic soil is mainly controlled by the natural iron oxides present and it is qualitatively analogous to that exhibited by synthetic iron oxides. The highest adsorption was found for arsenate ions whereas the lowest was found for selenate, with chromate and molybdate ions showing an intermediate behaviour. Environ Toxicol Chem © 2014 SETAC

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