For the third successive year, the European Environment Agency (EEA) has collected EU Member States' data on passenger car registrations, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 443/2009. All Member States reported information on Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and the mass of cars, together with other vehicle characteristics. This data was used to evaluate the performance in 2012 of the new vehicle fleet, and its progress toward meeting the CO2 emissions target of 130 grams of CO2 per kilometre (gCO2/km) by 2015. For the first time, the 2012 specific emissions targets are mandatory: if the average CO2 emissions of a manufacturer's fleet exceed its specific emissions target, the manufacturer has to pay an excess emissions premium for each new car registered.
The current dataset is provisional, and will now be sent for verification to all car manufacturers responsible for cars registered in the EU in 2012. The European Commission will take account of errors noted by manufacturers, and correct the dataset as appropriate, before setting the final specific emissions targets for each manufacturer in the second half of 2013.
The provisional dataset indicates that manufacturers have once more improved their performance in terms of CO2 emissions from passenger cars: the average CO2 emissions from the new car fleet in 2012 (1) was 132.2 gCO2/km. This was 3.5 gCO2/km less than in the previous monitoring year (135.7 /km in 2011).
Some of the key changes observed in the fleet are:
- the dieselisation of the fleet is continuing (54.9 % of the vehicles registered in 2012 in Europe are diesel vehicles);
- the average mass is the highest of the last nine years;
- the average engine capacity has decreased by 5 % since 2007. In spite of the increase in mass, dieselisation and improved vehicle technology have led to greater fuel efficiency and lower average CO2 emissions per kilometre travelled.