Globalisation has resulted in larger volumes of foreign trade, especially in maritime transportation. No studies exist on how the maritime volumes could be handled, if the operational environment changes unexpectedly. The objective of this paper is to identify possible risks in transportation routes that use seaports in the Gulf of Finland and to evaluate the functionality of the transportation system under selected risk scenarios. Four system dynamics simulation experiments reveal that the impact of a spillage depends on concentration of resources and cargo types carried and highlight the importance of international cooperation.
Keywords: supply chain management, SCM, intermodal transportation, seaports, efficiency, containerisation, system dynamics, simulation, container ports, Gulf of Finland, maritime transport, risk assessment, spillage