Municipal solid waste management in India

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Management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is one of the most basic obligatory functions of the Urban Local Bodies. In most of the cities, however, the standard of waste management needs improvement. The environmental and health hazards caused by the unsanitary conditions in the cities were epitomised by the episode of plague in Surat in 1994. That triggered public interest litigation in the Supreme Court of India. Based on the recommendations of the Committee set up by the apex court in that PIL, the Government of India has framed the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

The rules cover the entire gamut of activities of waste management and cast a responsibility upon the State Government and the Urban Local Bodies to upgrade the solid waste management systems in compliance with these rules by December 2003. It is imperative to undertake giant steps in the direction of MSW Management to ensure a robust civic life for all. Maharashtra, being the most progressive state in terms of industrial activity, is yet to evolve a firm approach to tackle this problem. After taking due cognizance of the impending problem of the MSW Management has become very important not only in jharkhand but all over India.

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