- John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- Nanoparticle ecotoxicity—physical and/or chemical effects?
Biological monitoring system, iTOXcontrol, continues in Scarlino - Case Study
The recorded death of fish in the river that flows out of the industrial zone of Scarlino has created the need of the installation of a biological alarm system. The decision was made to work with an automatic system, iTOXcontrol created by microLAN-The Netherlands represented in Italy by Ecotox Lds, which uses marine bacteria. The system compares the values of the light emission from these organisms at the entrance and exit of the canal, generating alarms in the presence of toxic substances. iTOXcontrol monitoring...
Synopsis Available for 2016 U.S.-EU: Bridging NanoEHS Research Efforts Joint Workshop
The synopsis is available for the June 6-7, 2016, U.S.-European Union (EU) Nano Environmental and Health Safety (NanoEHS) Research Efforts joint workshop. According to the synopsis, the first day of the workshop was devoted to an interactive nanoEHS scrimmage in which the groups collectively responded to a spill of a hypothetical nanotechnology-enabled product. U.S.-EU Communities of Research (COR) representatives planned the scrimmage, and the highlights and findings from the scrimmage are expected to be...
Exploring reach as potential data source for characterizing ecotoxicity in life cycle assessment
Toxicity models in life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) currently only characterize a small fraction of marketed substances. This is mainly due to limitations in the underlying ecotoxicity data. One approach to improve the current data situation in LCIA is to explore new data sources, such as the European database of the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). The authors explored REACH as potential data source for LCIA based on matching reported ecotoxicity data for substances...
Ecotoxicity of halloysite nanotubes supported palladium nanoparticles on Raphanus sativus L.
Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) are natural nanomaterials, biocompatible and available in large amounts at low prices. They are emerging nanomaterials with appealing perspectives for application like support for metal nanoparticles (NPs). Potential environmental impacts of NPs can be understood taking into consideration phytotoxicity. Current research focuses on HNTs application in cell or animal models, while their use in plants is limited so that their ecotoxicological impact is poorly documented. Up to date there...
A risk‐based, product‐level approach for assuring aquatic environmental safety of cleaning products ...
Cleaning products have long been a focus of efforts to improve sustainability and assure safety for the aquatic environment when disposed of after use. The latter is addressed at ingredient level through environmental risk assessment including in formal frameworks such as REACH. Nevertheless, in the context of programmes to improve overall sustainability, stakeholders demand both environmental safety assurance and progress at product level. Current product level approaches for aquatic toxicity (e.g. USEtoxTM,...