Keywords: nanomaterials, implants, nanomedicine, nanotoxicity, nanotechnology, biomedical engineering, bioengineering, nanostructures, nanotools, nanobiotechnology, tissue engineering
Nanotechnology in biomedical applications: a review
Incorporation of functionalised and modified nanostructures in various biomedical applications has generated considerable research interest in recent years. The applications of nanotechnology in medicine and biomedical engineering are vast and spans areas such as implant and tissue engineering, diagnosis and therapy. The present scenario demands designing of nanotools which can respond to the needs of biological problems and prepare more efficient biomedical approaches. This article reviews recent developments in nanobiotechnology with special emphasis on load bearing implants and novel tissue engineered scaffolds. Novel research approaches in nanomedicine and major challenges to practical applications are also highlighted.