The purpose of this project was to assess the nation’s US crude oil pipeline network and identify the hubs that would have the greatest financial impact if their operation were disrupted by a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or other catastrophic event. The resilience of the crude oil pipeline network was analysed using the model-based risk analysis (MBRA) software tool developed by the Naval Post Graduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security. Results identified five critical hubs, with the most critical hub being the Cushing, OK Trading Hub (COTH). A disruption in operation of the COTH or any of the five critical hubs would have far reaching negative consequences, creating long lasting political, psychological, and economic impacts. Based on the results of this assessment, it is recommended that the critical hubs be considered critical national assets and protected as such.
Keywords: crude oil, critical infrastructure, model-based risk analysis, MBRA, network analysis, pipeline, homeland security, USA