NILU participates in the second FORMAT campaign, which will take place in Northern Italy during the period 8 September to 5 October 2003. Several scientists from NILU will be staying in the area around Milan to measure formaldehyde (HCHO) and test instruments to improve measurement techniques. NILU is using a DOAS instrument.
FORMAT is an atmospheric chemistry project funded by the Research Directorate of the European Commission under the 5th Framework Programme. NILU coordinates the project. The project started 1 November 2001 and will last for a period of 36 months. Responsible for the project at NILU is associate research director Geir O. Braathen.
The purpose of the project is to improve the understanding of the processes that control the concentration and formation of ozone and other oxidants of the troposphere, and the role of formaldehyde in the formation of photochemical smog.
Formaldehyde is formed in the oxidation process where methane and other hydrocarbons are oxidised to CO, and is therefore a good indicator for combustion of fossil fuel and biomass. A large number of different instruments and techniques are today used to detect formaldehyde. One of the main objectives of the FORMAT project is to perform an intercomparison of the various measurement techniques.
NILU will participate with a so-called DOAS instrument, using long pathlength differential optical absorption spectroscopy. It measures how much light is absorbed over a certain distance in the atmosphere. This technique makes it possible to measure formaldehyde, ozone, NO2, SO2 etc.
The campaign will take place in the areas around Milan, which are among the most polluted areas in Europe, and the possibilities to be able to measure high concentrations of formaldehyde is rather good. Further information about the FORMAT project is available on the web site: www.nilu.no/format
There are 5 pumps at this station. The fixed speed pumps 1,2&3 have a duty of 400m3/h at 70m, and variable speed pumps 4&5 have a duty of 420m3/h at 70m. Pump Monitoring equipment is fitted to all the pumps. The normal running combination is for one variable speed pump 4 or 5 to be running. If more flow is required, a fixed speed pump is turned on.
There are 5 pumps at this station. The fixed speed pumps 1,2&3 have a duty of 6.8m3/min at 60m, and variable speed pumps 4&5 have a duty of 6.94m3/min at 60m. Pump Monitoring equipment is fitted to all the pumps. The normal running combination is for one fixed speed pump 1-3 to be running with one variable speed pump 4-5. The delivery valves of the fixed speed pumps need to be throttled for these pumps to run, and the variable speed pumps are run at a set frequency of approximately 56Hz. An additional...
Be sure to stop by and visit us at IWA WWCE Booth 5 from 16 – 21 September in Tokyo, Japan. Explore our award-winning and innovative technologies that control and monitor algae in large water bodies at the Isle Emerging Technologies Pavilion.
We will exhibit in the Isle Emerging Technologies & Challenge Exchange HUB, where we’ll showcase our latest innovation for a sustainable solution to control algae growth in diverse application scenarios, such as lakes and drinking...
5 steps to establish a value-adding sustainable packaging initiative.The conversation about sustainability in packaging has evolved significantly in recent years, but companies continue to be challenged with how to make sustainable packaging actionable for their organization.This white paper holds the key to realizing the value of sustainable packaging efforts. Follow these steps to establish a value-adding sustainable packaging initiative.Five Steps to Sustainable Packaging:1. Determine your objective2. Establish...
Catalytic Products (CPI) installs Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) at Fastener Coater
CPI worked closely with our customer to design an RTO system, including ductwork, exhaust stack, and concrete pad, which met the needs of their new multi-line coating operation. The new enclosed production area was configured as a permanent total enclosure, with the VOC laden air collected through a floor sweep system exhausted to the new 10,000 SCFM RTO.
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