NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE BURNING CHARACTERISTICS OF THERMALLY-THICK BIOMASS FUELS IN PACKED-BEDS
Biomass fuels are being increasingly used for domestic heating and power generation to cut down the net CO2 emission to the atmosphere. In most cases, those fuels are thermally-thick under packed-bed combustion conditions. In this paper, a doublemesh numerical scheme is proposed and implemented to simulate the detailed combustion processes for a biomass fuel with sizes ranging from 5 mm to 50 mm. Bench-top experiments were also carried out to validate the theoretical simulation. Under the specific conditions of investigation, it is found that a bed packed with particles over 35 mm can develop a temperature gradient over 4008C inside the particles at the flame front, and significant overlapping of moisture evaporation, devolatilization and char burn-out is observed in the bed-height direction; CH4 emission over the bed top is more focused on the central part of the combustion period for larger particles; CO level in the flue gases increases with decreasing particle sizes and the opposite is true for H2 emission. The overall air to fuel stoichiometric ratio for the whole combustion period increases significantly with increasing particle sizes, from 0.57 (fuel-rich) at 5 mm to 1.2 (fuel-lean) at 35 mm, but for the constant stage during combustion, the range of ratio narrows to 0.32–0.35.