Inderscience Publishers

Occupational gender segregation in Slovenia: sustainable economy perspective

This paper aims to study occupational gender segregation in Slovenia as one of the indicators of social equity, which is one of the bottom lines of sustainable development, and to compare it to other EU countries. Females in Slovenia are still in an unfavourable position and the process towards a market economy has not solved the issue. The historical effects of declarative equality in Slovenia have resulted in a higher rate of female employees in industrial sectors. However, content equality as measured by the number of female legislators, senior officials, managers and female members of parliament, the gender pay gap and contributing family workers indicates that real equality has not yet been reached. Though occupational gender segregation exists in Slovenia, research shows that females in Slovenia are in a better position regarding occupational segregation than their counterparts in the observed countries and that higher economic development results in higher occupational gender specialisation.

Keywords: occupational gender segregation, Slovenia, sustainable economy, sustainability, social equity, sustainable development, EU, European Union, content equality, gender pay gap, gender specialisation, female employees, women

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