IWA Publishing

Occurrence of hydrodynamic cavitation


In this paper, the conditions under which cavitation (or liquid film rupture) can or cannot occur in thin layers of moving liquid are derived for three typical cases. At the same time, expressions depending on geometrical and movement parameters, where cavitation might start, are given. The results are obtained using simple engineering terms, which can be used in cases whether it is necessary to avoid cavitation or to induce it.

Keywords: energy and mass balances, film rupture, hydrodynamic cavitation, two-phase flow

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