On the parameterization of the roughness length for the air-sea interface in free convection
The roughness length at the air-sea interface during free convection (z0fc) is mainly related to the convective velocity (w*) rather than the friction velocity (u*). The parameterization of z0fc with w * 2 /g as proposed by Abdella and DAlessio in 2003 is evaluated. It is shown that their proposed formula is consistent with field measurements. In order to avoid self-correlation by using u*, a new parameterization of w* with wind speed (Uz) at height z and stability parameter (z/L, where L is the buoyancy length) is proposed. This new formula for w* is in agreement with an independent field result.