Initial participants were the Plano Independent School District, several retail grocery chains (including Albertson's) and a handful of corporate cafeterias. Today, the vision for a comprehensive organics program in Plano continues to prosper. Table 1 summarizes growth in the program.
In 2004, Plano became the contractor for the North Texas Municipal Water District regional composting program. Plano accepts material gathered through residential collections from neighboring cities of Allen, Frisco, McKinney and Richardson. Wood from Green Builder programs operating in both Plano and Frisco contribute to compost production as well. Yard trimmings and clean wood dropped off at the Custer Transfer Station is diverted to the composting facility in Melissa, Texas.
In 2006, due to the expanded list of cities generating the feedstock, the products formerly known as Plano Pure were renamed Texas Pure. Initially, consisting of only compost and topdressing, the product line was diversified to include soil blend, mulch and colored mulch.
Plano certifies its products by participating in the United States Composting Council (USCC) Seal of Testing Assurance Program, which means the product is both weed and pathogen free. Texas Pure products are produced for local soils and have earned a solid reputation for both commercial and residential landscape applications.
Each year, an increasing number of customers take advantage of the Texas Pure products available bagged or in bulk directly from the City's two retail locations and multiple retail outlets in the five-city area. Preferred resident pricing as well as non-resident pricing are available for the Texas Pure products. Customers can order products on line as well, allowing residents to either charge the cost to their credit cards or have it charged to their utility bill.
BENEFITS OF FOOD WASTE RECOVERY
Whole Foods very recently went from collecting their organic waste in 95-gallon carts to having a dedicated 30-yard compactor with an interior chute. Whole Foods, which has participated in the City's food diversion program since its inception, is the single largest contributor to the organics recycling program. Christopher Day, one of the City's five commercial recycling coordinators indicates, “Whole Foods switching to an organics compactor could signal a trend for high volume grocers. Although Plano offers a comprehensive and convenient program for organics, recycling several hundred tons of organic waste per year required Whole Foods to seek a more efficient system.”
Businesses continue to be amazed at the quantity of food waste they have thrown away and the resulting cost savings available to them when they divert that material from the landfill. Plano's Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, which earned the City's 2006 Environmental Star of Excellence for Outstanding Recycling Newcomer, experienced annual trash disposal savings of $7,476. Instead of having two 8-yard trash dumpsters serviced six days per week, the restaurant now has a single 8-yard trash dumpster serviced six days per week and recycles an average of 15 tons of organic residuals per month!
The Plano Independent School District (PISD) currently has 26 schools participating in the food waste recycling program. This year, collectively, the schools contributed approximately 441 tons to the City's program.
In 2006, the City received a grant again from the North Texas Council of Governments, a portion of which was used to evaluate the differences in food waste collection from accounts using biodegradable plastic bags. Accounts ranging from grocery stores to restaurants were surveyed regarding their views on how much they would pay for biodegradable bags as well as how they felt the bags impacted their participation in the program. Robert Smouse, Environmental Waste Services Operations Manager said, “The use and benefits of collecting the food waste in biodegradable bags were clearly identified through the grant-funded study/project.”
The city's list of food waste recycling participants reads like a list of 'Who's Who' in Plano. Companies ranging from the corporate headquarter cafeterias at Alcatel, Perot Systems, Frito-Lay, Texas Instruments and Intuit are among those who participate in this food diversion program. The city's commercial recycling team provided organics recycling training and resources to the nearby McKinney Wal-Mart's experimental store staff when it opened its doors in 2006. This Wal-Mart showcases several areas of environmental sustainability through experimenting with materials, technology and processes that aim to reduce amounts of energy and natural resources and reduce the store's environmental impact. The McKinney retailer transports its organic waste directly to Plano's compost site. Other generators located outside the City of Plano include Texas Instrument's Dallas facilities, which transport their food waste from multiple cafeterias to the City's compost site on a weekly basis. Today, Plano recognizes all local Wal-Mart SuperCenters (5), Sam's Clubs (2) and the Wal-Mart Neighborhood Store in Plano who contribute to its organics recycling program.