Inderscience Publishers

Organisational mechanisms in environmental management: an evolutionary analysis confronted with empirical facts

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In this paper, we analyse the development of corporate environmental management systems through the core elements of the emerging evolutionary theory of the firm. The environmental management process means a process by which organisations change their structures and cultures as a result of an interlinked effort of individual learning and organisational transformation. We propose that effective environmental management capacities derive primarily from the adaptation of three constitutive mechanisms of firms: the coordination mechanisms, the cognitive mechanisms and the incentive mechanisms. Our theoretical results are supported by case studies in 12 industrial firms located in France (Alsace) and in Germany (Baden-Wurtemberg).

Keywords: environmental management, theory of the firm, incentive, cognitive and coordination mechanisms

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