In 1989 the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer entered into force. It has the objective of protecting the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production of substances that contribute to ozone depletion. The Protocol covers over 200 individual substances with a high ozone.depleting potential, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFCs), carbon tetrachloride (CTC), methylbromide (MB), bromochloromethane (BCM) and trichloroethane (TCA), all of which are referred to as 'controlled substances'.
Within the European Union (EU), the use and trade controlled substances is regulated by EU regulation (EC) 1005/2009 (ODS Regulation). This regulation stipulates that each company producing, importing and/or exporting into the EU, feedstock user, process agent user and destruction facility must annually report their activities concerning controlled substances. The ODS Regulation also extends to 5 additional substances having an ozone-depleting potential (new substances) for producers, importers and exporters. These new substances are halon 1202, methylchloride (MC), ethylbromide (EB), trifluoroiodomethane (TFIM) and n-propyl bromide (n-PB).
2011 was the second reporting year under the recast ODS regulation, but the first for which the European Environment Agency (EEA) has taken over the collection, data storage and quality control, and analysis of the companies' reports as well as responsibility for the provision of support to the reporting companies. In total, 189 companies reported ODS activities while 104 companies reported they had no ODS activities in 2011. In some cases, companies had to submit more than one report type . these 189 companies submitted a total of 220 reports, a similar level to 2010.
This report summarises the most recent data reported under the ODS regulation. Data submitted by companies are commercially confidential and for this reason, only aggregated data are provided in this executive summary for all substances, both virgin and non-virgin. Values are not provided where only three companies or fewer report information. Results are expressed in both metric tonnes and ozone depletion potential (ODP) (1) tonnes. Depending on the unit used, the observed trends can differ significantly.
Key findings Imports
In the period 2006.2011, the quantity of ODS controlled substances imported into the EU has declined (Figure ES.1), although imports in 2011 were 8.3 % higher than for the previous year when expressed in metric tonnes (5 % higher when expressed in ODP tonnes). The controlled substances imported in the largest quantities were HCFCs (3 956 metric tonnes), MB (fewer than 3 companies), CFCs (1 714 metric tonnes) and BCM (633 metric tonnes). Except for HCFCs, these imported substances are not produced in the European Union. The imported quantities were predominantly intended for feedstock use and re-export, e.g. for quarantine and pre.shipment (QPS).
Imports of controlled substances originated from a limited number of source countries (Figure ES.2): 98 % of the imported controlled substances come from China, the United States of America, Israel and India (expressed in metric tonnes).