Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union
In 1989 the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer entered into force. It has the objective of protecting the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production of substances that contribute to ozone depletion. The Protocol covers over 200 individual substances with a high ozone.depleting potential, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFCs), carbon tetrachloride (CTC), methylbromide (MB), bromochloromethane (BCM) and trichloroethane (TCA), all of which are referred to as 'controlled substances'.
Within the European Union (EU), the use and trade in controlled substances is regulated by EU regulation (EC) 1005/2009 (ODS Regulation) (EC, 2009). This regulation stipulates that each company producing, importing and/or exporting into the EU, feedstock user, process agent user and destruction facility must annually report their activities concerning controlled substances. The ODS Regulation also extends to five additional substances having an ozone.depleting potential (new substances) for producers, importers and exporters. These new substances are halon 1202, methylchloride (MC), ethylbromide (EB), trifluoroiodomethane (TFIM) and n.propyl bromide (n.PB).
2012 was the third reporting year under the recast ODS Regulation and the second for which the European Environment Agency (EEA) has taken over the data management (including collection, compilation, quality control, and analysis of the companies' reports) as well as the responsibility for the provision of support to the reporting companies. In total, 186 companies reported ODS activities and 71 companies informed the EEA that they were not covered by the reporting obligation in 2012.
This report summarises the most recent data (covering the year 2012) reported under the ODS Regulation and looks at trends since 2006 (BiPRO, 2010; BiPRO, 2011; EEA, 2012). Data submitted by companies are commercially confidential and for this reason, only aggregated data are provided in this report for all substances, both virgin and non.virgin. Values are not provided where less than three companies report information. Results are expressed in both metric tonnes and ozone.depleting potential tonnes (ODP tonnes) (1). Depending on the unit used, the observed trends can differ significantly.
In the period 2006.2012, the quantity of controlled substances imported into the EU has declined steadily between 2006 and 2010 from 18 608 to 8 880 metric tonnes (Figure ES.1). Since 2010, the imported quantity of controlled substances has been relatively constant. The controlled substances imported in the largest quantities in 2012 were HCFCs (3 861 metric tonnes, 41 %), MB (2), CFCs (1 946 metric tonnes, 21 %) and BCM (2). Except for HCFCs, these imported substances are not produced in the EU. The imported quantities were predominantly intended for feedstock use (54 %) and re.export, e.g. for quarantine and pre.shipment (QPS).