Paving the way for national climate change leadership: provincial and national actions in Canada
It is now clear, given Canada’s Speech from the Throne in October 2007, that Canada will be unable to meet its Kyoto targets in the 2008—2012 commitment period.’ Canada finds itself a staggering 33% aboye its target, a reality that the federal government suggests is due to inaction on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction over the last decade. Canada was the fifth largest emitter of GHGs in 2004, behind the United States, the Russian Federation, Japan, and Germany. Looking at the International Energy Agency reports on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to allow comparability across ah nations, Canada’s total CO2 emissions were 548.59 Mt h 2005, the seventh highest out of 136 nations, behind the four nations mentioned aboye and China and India.4 Canada ranked l0th in per-capita CO2 emissions, being surpassed by Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Luxembourg, United Arab Emirates, Netherlands Antilles, the United States, Australia, and Trinidad and Tobago. Most of the increases in Canada’s GHG emissions since 1990 have been in the energy industry and transportation sectors, particularly the rapid risc in energy exports to the United States. In 2005, net emissions associated with these exports increased 162% over 1990 levels.