Physicochemical parameters of natural waters

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All freshwater bodies are interconnected to the oceans, the atmosphere, and aquifers via a complex hydrological cycle. Wetlands, icecaps and biopheric water also participate in the continuous conveyance of water on planet Earth. The Earth’s hydrological cycle is driven by evaporation and gravity on which ecosystems and human societies depend. Growing populations may put stresses on natural waters by impairing both the quality of the water and the hydrological budget.

The fate and transport of many anthropogenic pollutants are determined by not only hydrological cycles, but also physicochemical processes. In order to mitigate the impact human societies have on natural waters, it is becoming increasingly important to implement comprehensive monitoring regimes. Monitoring water resources will quantify water quality, identify impairments, and help policy makers make land use decisions that will not only preserve natural areas, but improve the quality of life. Discuss in this article are in-situ environmental parameters that can be measured remotely by deployable sensors.

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