Keywords: neo-endogenous modelling, Spain, sustainable rural development, local economic development, governance, social capital, sustainability indicators, conceptual models, knowledge engineering, GIS, geographical information systems, rural areas, social inclusion policies, neo-endogenous approach, rural renewal, sustainable development
Planning and neo-endogenous model for sustainable development in Spanish rural areas
Changes in rural areas in recent decades have resulted in a new approach to local rural development called 'neo-endogenous'. This paper describes the main characteristics of this new development model, which is based on three pillars, harnessing endogenous potential, developing social capital (endogenous units, local/global actors and neo-endogenous units) and promoting local participative democracy. Then the balance of top?down - bottom-up approaches and their relationship to improve strategic planning for rural areas are analysed. Finally, co-construction of a local sustainable development plan by means of a knowledge-model based on the experience of the University of Almeria Rural Engineering Research Group is proposed.