Keywords: climate change, global warming, wetlands, grasslands, adaptive management, adaptation planning, nature conservation, land use, environmental impact, Hungary, agricultural use, stakeholder involvement
Planning management adapted to climate change effects in terrestrial wetlands and grasslands
Wetlands and grasslands are seriously affected by climate change. A main challenge for agriculture and nature conservation is, in parallel with mitigation, adaptation planning. We started a stakeholder dialogue to develop adaptive management of natural areas in the Körös–Maros National Park (SE Hungary). Impacts that affect terrestrial wetlands and grasslands and their agricultural use and are linked to climate change or other pressures were explored. Identification of stakeholders should be followed by providing information about climate change impacts on natural and human systems, a discussion of goals and objectives, a community based assessment, then elaboration of adapted strategies and measures. There is strong need to differentiate between stakeholders, and customise communication strategies for different groups. The benefits of stakeholder involvement are enhanced awareness, willingness to taking action, inclusion of local knowledge, information exchange among affected parties, identification of win–win–solutions for land users and nature conservation, and building trust in authorities.