In this paper we describe the new selection/counterselection vector pCS1966, which is suitable for both sequence-specific integration based on homologous recombination and integration in a bacteriophage attachment site. This plasmid harbors oroP, which encodes a dedicated orotate transporter, and can replicate only in Escherichia coli. Selection for integration is performed primarily by resistance to erythromycin; alternatively, the ability to utilize orotate as a pyrimidine source in a pyrimidine auxotrophic mutant could be utilized. Besides allowing the cell to utilize orotate, the transporter renders the cell sensitive to 5-fluoroorotate. This sensitivity is used to select for loss of the plasmid. When expressed from its own promoter, oroP was toxic to E. coli, whereas in Lactococcus lactis the level of expression of oroP from a chromosomal copy was too low to confer 5-fluoroorotate sensitivity. In order to obtain a plasmid that confers 5-fluoroorotate sensitivity when it is integrated into the chromosome of L. lactis and at the same time can be stably maintained in E. coli, the expression of the oroP gene was controlled from a synthetic promoter conferring these traits. To demonstrate its use, a number of L. lactis strains expressing triosephosphate isomerase (tpiA) at different levels were constructed.