Keywords: avoided cost, CO2 emissions, cost of saved energy, DSM scenario, peak demand, reference scenario, demand side management, long-range energy alternative planning model, energy efficiency, energy savings, energy costs, greenhouse gases, India
Policy scenarios for demand side management programmes in Rajasthan
In the present study, we have evaluated the electricity savings by replacing consumers' existing appliances, typically low energy efficiency appliances, with improved energy efficiency appliances in a phased manner. The paper presents a demand side management (DSM) scenario and estimates annual energy and peak demand savings for the period (2002-2012). Savings have been estimated at end use level, using a computer model known as the long-range energy alternative planning model (LEAP). The result indicates that, until 2012, the DSM programmes can reduce future peak power demand by 700MW and energy demand by 22.8 billion kWh. In addition the DSM plan also reduces CO2 emissions by 34.7 million tonnes, compared to expected growth without DSM (Reference scenario). This would further avoid capacity expansion in the transmission and distribution network due to reduced energy and power requirements of consumers.