Keywords: environment, equity, political feasibility, politico-, economic models, public choice, transport policy, voting, sustainable transport, environmental transport, sustainability, The Netherlands
Political economy issues of environmentally friendly transport policies
This paper discusses problems of the political and social feasibility of environmentally friendly transport policies. It presents a politico-economic model for this purpose. Special attention is given to the role of voters in the feedback from society to the government. A multidimensional spatial model of voters' preferences is discussed, combined with theories about the way voters' preferences are formed. Empirical illustrations are given for various aspects of voters' attitudes vis a vis transport policies in The Netherlands: (i) the existing inequalities among households in terms of transport-related expenditures and government subsidies; (ii) attitudes of voters on a number of transport policy instruments.