Keywords: Xiamen Bay, China, pollutants, biodiversity, environmental pollution, sustainable management, ecosystems, environmental technology, pollution prevention, pollution control, remediation
Pollution status and sustainable management of Xiamen Bay in China: a brief review
The continuous increase in population coupled with economic growth, rapid urbanisation and infrastructure development have resulted in the pollution of the marine environment of Xiamen Bay. Its ecosystem has become vulnerable to pollution and chemical pollutants which may have changed the coastal ecosystem's biogeochemistry. This study identifies the pollution sources, status and pollution effect of Xiamen Bays ecosystem. This paper reviewed the present management system and policy in this ecosystem. The authors suggest that environmentally sound technology should be adapted for pollution prevention, control and remediation in Xiamen Bay. Sustainable management may help achieve the pollution protection of its whole ecosystem.