Keywords: nuclear exports, nuclear non-proliferation, radiological dispersion devices, RDDs, radiological materials, export controls, USA, United States, imports, nuclear law, trade, nuclear reactor components, nuclear energy, nuclear power, regulation
Post-September 11 responses in US regulatory practice affecting the export and import of radioactive materials and related equipment
This paper discusses certain significant changes in the US laws and regulations in the post-September 11 era regarding the export and import of nuclear and other radioactive materials, as well as related equipment. These changes demonstrate the US Government's growing vigilance concerning the movement and end-user of such materials and equipment in light of the intensified threat of their diversion to terrorist activities. In particular, both the congress and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) have recently devoted particular attention to the transportation, storage, use and disposition of radioactive sources. Meanwhile, the NRC has made it easier to import major nuclear reactor components.