Inderscience Publishers

Preparation and surface modification of hollow fibre membranes for drinking water disinfection and water reclamation

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Polysulphone hollow fibres were spun according to phase inversion process under different conditions by extrusion of dimethylformamide solution of the polymer through double orifice spinneret using water or water-DMF mixture as gelation medium. The membrane surface was modified by in situ interfacial polymerisation of m-phenylenediamine with trimesoyl chloride. The nominal molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) values of the virgin fibres were 44,000?94,000 g/mol, which were decreased to 10,000?14,000 g/mol upon surface modification. The contact angle of the virgin fibres was about 87° and was decreased to about 65° by surface modification. HF modules exhibited pure water fluxes of 40?70 litre/m²h at 25 psi, and 4?5 log reduction for microorganisms like cocci, E. coli and bacillus when tested with water containing 1010 cfu/ml of bacteria. Fibres were tested for the treatment of municipal sewage water for a period of 20 days and constant rejection-flux profile was observed throughout the period.

Keywords: hollow fibres, spinning, polysulphone, surface modification, water purification, water reclamation, fibre membranes, safe drinking water, water disinfection, interfacial polymerisation, wastewater treatment, municipal sewage, rejection-flux profile

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