In December 2010, MJB&A completed a report on natural gas price volatility. This research report gleaned lessons from other markets to determine (1) whether increased exposure to natural gas prices, due to higher consumption, is likely to have a negative impact on the U.S. economy as compared to other regions of the world, and (2) how natural gas price volatility compares to volatility in other commodities and other natural gas-consuming regions of the world: the United States, Europe, and Asia, which account for one-third, one-fifth, and one-sixth of total global consumption. This report comes in the context of a series of reports that have been commissioned by the American Clean Skies Foundation in support of the Task Force for the National Coalition on Energy Policy (NCEP). Other reports have looked at (1) projections for future natural gas supply, (2) the history of price instability in the U.S., and (3) price hedging strategies employed by natural gas producers and electric power companies.
UV LEDs making waves with clean water
Oxford Instruments systems now facilitate water purification technology With World Earth Day last week I’ve decided to make this weeks blog about how new technology is being used to enhance people’s lives in a fundamental way. The UN recognises that clean drinking water is a global issue with over 660 million people lacking access. One way to make water clean of bacteria and viruses, is to shine Ultraviolet (UV) light of a certain frequency through it disrupting the DNA of the micro organisms....
Clean water is a basic human right, and we can and should make it affordable to everyone
Ask someone in Flint, Michigan, or São Paolo, Brazil— the list of cities rocked by water disasters seems to grow each day — how much safe water is worth. Worried about contamination and drought, it might be a pretty penny. But the ability of people to actually pay for the full cost of water — from protecting it at its source to getting it to flow from the tap — depends, as it does with anything for sale, on income. And yet water isn’t simply a commodity; it’s necessary...
Maximizing membrane life: lessons learned from a three year study on performance recovery
Abstract Reverse Osmosis (RO) membranes are susceptible to several different types of foulants and scales. Common foulants observed in RO systems are organics, metals, clays and colloidal material. Common scales that are observed are carbonate, phosphate, sulfate and silica. Onsite cleaning is the norm to remove these foulants and scales but sometimes a desire for cleaning optimization or a requirement for process troubleshooting leads operators to undertake a more detailed investigation. Therefore, one option...
Nanobite Cleans up Coastal Oil Disaster in Spain - Case Study
On November 13, 2002, the Greek tankerThe Prestigebegan losing its cargo of #6 bunker crude oil after one of its tanks burst off the northwest coast of Spain.The Spanish government decided to allow the tanker to sink, despite concerns of widespread contamination. By December’s end, the tanker had lost 80% of it’s haul (more than 77,000 tons). Thousands of kilometres of coastline were polluted including more than one thousand beaches on the Spanish, French and Portuguese coasts. In addition the spill...
LED Applications for Oil and Gas Refining and Processing
Oil and gas processing facilities are unsafe due to the existence of hazardous compounds during operations. When addressing such issues, companies in the sector may deploy explosion proof lighting systems to prevent the ignition of sparks created from the electrical equipment. The adoption of LED technology in oil and gas refineries has helped reinforce key safety measures associated with premature light failure, costly maintenance and unpredictable work environments. This trend will likely continue to increase,...