PRIME-SD: Peer Review Improvement through Mutual Exchange on Sustainable Development

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Courtesy of European Commission, Environment DG

A guidebook for peer reviews of national sustainable development strategies

The EU committed, at the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), to take immediate steps to formulate and elaborate national sustainable development strategies (NSDSs) where these were still outstanding, and to begin implementing existing NSDSs by 2005. This followed commitments at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, where Member States agreed to adopt NSDSs, and at the 1997 UN Rio+5 meeting, when a target date of 2002 was set for introducing them. Moreover, within the 2000 Millennium Development Goals countries agreed to integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes.

Most of the 25 EU Member States developed or revised NSDSs in the run up to the 2002 Johannesburg Summit, with additional NSDSs adopted since. The Member States are therefore making good progress in terms of developing NSDSs although the strategies vary considerably both in their content, approach and level of implementation.

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