Keywords: geological-geophysical investigations, prospective sites, radiactive waste disposal, underground laboratory, justification of investment, declaration of intent, radioactive waste isolation, geological formations, underground isolation facilities, Russia, construction, facilities design, exploration, site selection, engineering survey, geological survey, nuclear waste, nuclear energy, nuclear power, nuclear safety, radiation safety, geological repository
Principal provisions of engineering and geological survey methodology in designing and construction of underground laboratory as a part of facility of RW underground isolation
The most critical moment is the choice of a site for radioactive waste geological repository. Here the role of engineering and geological prospecting as a basis for the construction of a facility for underground isolation appears especially important; it is followed by finding a suitable area and subsequent allocation of the site and facility construction sites. The decision on the selection of construction site for the underground repository is taken by the principle "descent from the general to the particular", which is a continuous process with the observance of stages in research for the design and exploration work. Each stage of research is typified by specific scale and methods of geological and geophysical studies and scientific research to be fulfilled in scopes sufficient for solution of basic problems for the designing.