Privatization of Solid Waste Management in Pakistan
The concept of waste management in the world is one of the most actual targets of humanity. The urban areas of Pakistan generates about 54850 tons of solid waste everyday or about 20 million tons per annum. According to estimates, about half of waste is left uncollected owing to inadequacy and inefficiency of the system. Proper solid waste management (SWM) can lead to increased revenues for the municipal bodies, higher productivity rate, improved sanitation standard and better health condition. Presently there is not a single city in Pakistan with properly planned and efficient system of SWM. For this reason many parts of large urban areas and in some cases entire cities have turned into environmental black spots. The respective municipalities despite spending their 40% budget, have not been able to achieve the desirable standards of environmental quality. The involvement of private sector enables the respective municipality to achieve the desirable standards of SWM with reduced cost due to their efficiency and determination. In addition, by involving private sector resource mobilization can also be achieved through waste collection, sorting and sale of recyclable.