Keywords: Slovak energy sector, energy consumption, energy intensity, energy conservation potential, environmental impacts, air pollution, greenhouse gases, Slovakia
Problems of energy conservation and environmental impacts of energy production and consumption in Slovakia
The current situation of the Slovak energy sector and its development since 1990 (Gross Domestic Product, primary energy sources, final energy consumption, energy intensity, electricity intensity, electricity consumption) is presented. A marked dependence on energy imports explains the necessity for energy conservation in Slovakia. Energy intensity in Slovakia is steadily decreasing; still there is significant technical potential for energy conservation. The estimates of technical potential for energy conservation in industry, transport, households and services are presented, and energy conservation barriers are enumerated. The development of air pollution since 1990 in Slovakia is presented and the environmental impact of the energy sector as the most important polluter is shown. The situation and development of greenhouse gases (GHG) production in Slovakia and the share of energy sector in GHG production is shown.