John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Product environmental footprint in policy and market decisions – applicability and impact assessment

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In April, 2013 the European Commission published the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) methodology ‐ a life cycle based multi‐criteria measure of the environmental performance of products, services and organizations. With its approach of “comparability over flexibility” the PEF/OEF methodology aims at harmonizing existing methods, while decreasing the flexibility provided by the ISO standards regarding methodological choices. Currently, a three year pilot phase is running, aiming at testing the methodology and developing product category and organization sector rules (PEFCR/OEFSR). Though a harmonized method is in theory a good idea, the PEF/OEF methodology presents challenges, including a risk of confusion and limitations in applicability to practice. The paper discusses the main differences between the PEF and ISO methodologies and highlights challenges regarding PEF applicability, with a focus on impact assessment. Some methodological aspects of the PEF and PEFCR Guides are found to contradict to ISO 14044 (2006) and ISO 14025 (2006). Others, such as prohibition of inventory cut‐offs, are impractical. The evaluation of the impact assessment methods proposed in the PEF/OEF Guide showed that the predefined methods for water consumption, land use and abiotic resources are not adequate due to modelling artefacts, missing inventory data or incomplete characterization factors. However, the methods for global warming and ozone depletion perform very well. The results of this study are relevant for the PEF (and OEF) pilot phase, which aims at testing the PEF (OEF) methodology (and potentially adapting it) as well as addressing challenges and coping with them. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

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