Keywords: lifecycle environmental review, product lifecycle, environmental management system, EMS, continuous improvement, stakeholder management, green supply chain, green consumers, business performance, sustainability
Redefining environmental management system boundaries through stakeholder management across product life-cycle
The paper makes an attempt to show that integration of life-cycle thinking into EMS can certainly address environmental issues, external to the organisation. New emphasis must be placed on product life-cycle thinking, to achieve business performance consistent with sustainability principles. In effect, the paper calls for redesigning the EMS through life-cycle environmental review (LCER) capable of addressing environmental issues across the life-cycle of its products: institutionalising diffusion of continual improvement across the product life-cycle; stakeholder concerns across the product life-cycle; relating to the relevant global environmental issues.