Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries: Key actors, negotiations and actions
At the last Conference of Parties of the Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 2007, an historical agreement on forests was reached, encouraging countries to initiate actions to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD). During the negotiations, inclusion of REDD was championed by the European Union, who sees it as an important mitigation option to meet its ambitious post-Kyoto reduction targets. The participation of developing nations was unprecedented, with different countries or groups of developing countries defending a broad spectrum of interests. At the margins of the negotiations, the positioning of important international actors such as the World Bank and the United Nations agencies also contributed to shaping the future of REDD. Throughout this paper, we analyze the positions of the various actors, identify key emerging issues and, in conclusion, examine the conditions that could promote participation of the private sector while increasing institutional capacity at the national level.