The purpose of this paper is to analyse the interaction among technological innovation, democratisation and predominant religious culture of countries, as well as some critical socio-economic determinants of technological outputs. The findings show that countries with a predominance of the Protestant, Jewish and Eastern religions have technological performance higher than countries with other predominant religious cultures. In addition, the statistical evidence, in general, confirms
the hypothesis that higher religious fractionalisation,
, may support innovative outputs, in particular among the richer and more democratic countries, which are mainly located in the European and North-American geo-economic areas.
Keywords: religion, innovation, fractionalisation, democratisation, civilisation