Removal and recovery of lead (Pb2+) from industrial effluent using indigenous and tailor-made Aureobasidium sp. RBSS-303

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Courtesy of IWA Publishing

The objective of this study was to assess the removal and recovery of Pb-II from industrial wastewater using a locally isolated strain of Aureobasidium sp. RBSS-303. The initial Pb2+ concentration of 600 mg/L resulted in maximum uptake capacity (Qmax 235.1 ± 0.3 mg/g). The biosorbent revival was attained by contacting with HCl (0.01 M), with 75.3% recovery of Pb2+. The Freundlich isotherm best explains the Pb2+ sorption performances. Maximum adsorption distribution coefficient of 1,309.6 mg metal/mL was observed at initial Pb2+ concentration value of 100 mg/L. Evaluation of nine kinetic models showed the removal rate of Pb2+ was reliant on diffusion control pseudo-second-order and saturation-mixed-order kinetic models with a high correlation coefficient value (R = 0.99). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis showed the major contribution of –NH2 and –CN ligands of Aureobasidium sp. RBSS-303 in the sorption phenomenon of Pb2+. The biosorption assays carried out with effluent of the paint industry showed 76.8% efficiency for Pb2+ removal by the candidate biosorbent, regardless of the complex composition of the industrial effluent.

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