Removal of radioactive Cs from gravel conglomerate using water containing air bubbles
Remediation of sites contaminated with radioactive material such as Cs is important because of the risk posed to human health. Here, we report the effectiveness of water containing air bubbles with a diameter around 100 nm (nanobubbled water, NB water) for the removal of radioactive Cs. Laboratory experiments confirmed that NB water is more effective than purified water and as effective as water with neutral detergent in the removal of Cs-137 from gravel. Moreover, NB water retains its effectiveness even after storage for 7 d. Finally, NB water produced onsite from tap water was found to be effective for removal of radioactive Cs from gravel conglomerate in Fukushima, Japan.