Keywords: renewable resource potential, solar energy, solar power, wind energy, wind power, hydropower, geothermal energy, biomass energy sources, energy efficiency, multi–dwelling houses, renewable energy, Bulgaria, energy policy, energy management
Renewable energy and energy efficiency in Bulgaria
The interest in renewable energy sources (RESs) utilisation and energy efficiency improvement programmes in Bulgaria reflects the changes in the field of energy policy worldwide and in Europe. Now energy management becomes a great problem of inner policy of Bulgarian government. In the last few years there has been a growing attention to the RESs applications. Bulgaria has one of Southern European countries with richest renewable energy resource base. Bulgarian EU–backed target is for 16% RESs of all energy generation by 2020. The paper presents the status of renewable energy technologies and their installed capacities. The opportunities and constraints for further development and use of renewable energy are considered. There are given data for energy balance, dwellings and one illustrative example of energy efficiency improvement of one multi–dwelling panel house, typical for a lot of Bulgarian citizens in small and big towns.