Renewable energy over climate change and vulnerabilities; Need, relevance and efforts in Nepal
Least Developed Countries (LCD) are suffering from impact of climate change in an alarming rate. Industrialization, human civilization and other anthropogenic activities are adversely affecting the composition of atmosphere through the increased liberation of greenhouse gases, thereby accelerating the Global Warming. Nepal, however do not have considerable contribution to the net emission of GHGs, but impact of global warming is very vulnerable to the country, where land and atmospheric variations is influencing degradation of agricultural land, forest and other land covers, retreat of glaciers and loss of bio-diversity. Energy has also been found one of the responsible sectors among all the sectors to enhance the liberation of GHGs in Nepal, which is due to prolonged dependency on traditional energy sources/technologies. In order to reduce susceptibility to livelihood due to climate change different options can be put forward, among which promotion of green and alternative energy technologies can play a vital role not only in reducing emissions but also for sustainable development.