Keywords: renewable energy, electricity generation, environmental impact, developing countries, emerging economies, energy consumption, Nigeria, alternative energy, power systems
Renewable energy sources for generation of electrical power in developing and emerging nations
Renewable energy is a viable option for electrical power in developing and emerging nations. In most of these nations, there is a huge demand for energy that far exceeds what the countries are currently able to generate. While some nations are exploring renewable and alternative energy to reduce the impact their energy consumption has on the environment, others are still seeking avenues to boost energy generation to support economic and developmental activities. Renewable energy comes in various forms and has different implications and applications. This study aims to examine various renewable sources and ascertain their suitability for generation of electrical power in developing and emerging nations. Social, political, economic, climatic and environmental factors that will inform a decision to prefer and adopt particular sources of renewable energy are identified. The study setting is in Nigeria, West Africa, which by analogy reflects situations prevalent in most developing and emerging nations. Recommendations are provided on the sources of renewable energy that can best be utilised in developing and emerging nations for electrical power, in cognisance of their social, political, economic, climatic and environmental realities.