A number of EU legal instruments require EU Member States to monitor and report air quality data. This information is collated, analysed and disseminated by the European Environment Agency (EEA). At present much of the data is reported electronically by countries in data flows required under a specific legal instrument. As a result, reporting on air quality is not always integrated across all data flows.
The recent introduction of the Commission's Implementing Decision 2011/850/EU provides an opportunity to modernise data reporting, facilitate data sharing and reduce the administrative burden of reporting.
The air quality directives' (1) implementing provisions (2) will start to apply as of 1 January 2014, two years after adoption. In order to manage and facilitate the transition, the Member State reporting authorities, their data providers and the EEA's operational services will need to work closely together to establish and test a new reporting process.
DG ENV has invited Member States with different national reporting systems for air quality and those with practical implementations of national spatial data infrastructures to participate in pilot studies to test and optimise the e-Reporting mechanism required under the air quality directive (AQD). As of 1 March 2012, thirteen countries have announced their participation in the IPR pilot studies. The list of countries is updated via the so-called Air Quality Portal (http://www.eionet.europa.eu/aqportal).
The EEA will establish and operate the mechanism for sharing air quality information (e-Reporting) in line with the AQD IPR requirements, assisted by the ETC/ACM.