Keywords: air quality, China, vehicle emissions, motor vehicles, urban transport, air pollution, transportation, traffic congestion, pollution control, environmental technology, environmental policy
Research Note: Air pollution challenges and solutions for China's urban transportation development
China has experienced dramatic urbanisation and motorisation in the past 20 years. The phenomenal rise in the vehicle population in major cities has resulted in increased air pollution, traffic congestion and other 'wicked problems'. The Chinese government at all levels has made significant effort to control motor vehicle emissions, but vehicle population growth far outpaces their efforts, resulting in deteriorating air quality. Successful vehicle emissions control policies in industrialised countries offer China new technical and policy tools. This paper outlines China's current air pollution challenges and the technical and policy solutions under consideration by the Chinese central and municipal governments.