In line with contemporary trends and seeking to develop new methods and technologies, a new, original technology was explored and designed based on a non-conventional process of electrical pulse discharge in a water chamber, referred to as ‘Pulse Electrohydrodynamic Technology’ (PELHYDT). The application of the PELHYDT in sewer blockage removal is presented in this paper. Existing machinery can remove two blockages of gully pot connections per hour. Three blockages of pipe conduits are generally removed during an 8-h working day. Applying PELHYDT technology, which allows for high rates of removal of mechanical obstructions, it is possible to achieve operating fluid pressures in the order of 103–104 bars, a velocity of 100 m/s, a deformation acceleration of the model material structure of 106–107 m/s2, and high-frequency hydraulic shock waves with a frequency of 103–104 Hz. The applicability of this efficient technology in sewer blockage removal was proven under laboratory conditions at operating fluid pressures from 50 to 160 bars, which are standard for sewer maintenance. Water velocities generally achieved in sewers using existing flushing technologies range between 1 and 3 m/s and usually do not exceed 9 m/s. PELHYDT creates waves whose velocity is at least 100 m/s, and is therefore about ten times more efficient than existing technologies. PELHYDT generates an electrohydrodynamic wave very quickly, virtually in the form of an explosion. It was proven under laboratory conditions that the application of this technology for blockage removal in practice will not result in any sewer damage.
Keywords: pulse electrohydrodynamic technology, sewerage