Results of a Life Cycle Assessment Using Uncertainty Analysis of Fuel Cell Vehicles Within the South Coast Air Basin of California in 2010
Intention, Goal, Scope, Background. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) involves some subjectivity and uncertainty, especially with new technologies and future scenarios. With the intention of analyzing the life cycle impacts of future fuel cell vehicles and fuels, the Fuel Cell Vehicle Modeling Program at the Institute of Transportation Studies developed a very robust and interesting model - the Fuel Upstream Energy and Emission Model (FUEEM). In order to demonstrate the process adopted, three different fuel cell vehicle technologies (direct hydrogen, indirect methanol, and indirect hydrocarbon) were analyzed for the South Coast Air Basin (SCAB) of California (Los Angeles) in the year 2010. The analysis covered topics such as the energy sources requirement, the emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases, and also the emissions of several criteria pollutants generated within SCAB and within other regions.