Reuse of Municipal/Industrial Secondary Eflluent for Water Reuse

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Abstract

This paper presents results from pilot and demonstration studies conducted over the past two years at various locations around the world. All studies were conducted on municipal secondary effluent. Data includes: feed water quality, effluent quality (BOD, COD, bacteriological, SDI, others), membrane flux rate, water recovery percentage, membrane permeability, cleaning procedures, cleaning frequency and cleaning results. All data was collected by either the municipality or a consulting engineering firm and is thus independent of Zenon. This paper also includes design information for a number of full scale plants using ultrafiltration to treat secondary effluent.

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