Keywords: energy planning, multiobjective programming, rural areas
Revisiting rural energy analysis
Rural energy planning is characterised by matching, as far as possible, the available local energy supply with various energy end-uses. For this matching, decision-makers have to consider several issues, such as cost, technology, sustainability and equity. These objectives are conflicting and, therefore, it is difficult to find an optimised solution. Therefore, such problems should be analysed by an alternative method, such as multiobjective programming, by which more than one objective can be analysed simultaneously. This paper reviews rural energy planning and illustrates the use of a multiobjective method in rural energy analysis. The method is applied to study energy problem of a rural area in Nepal. The preliminary results, which can be taken as a guideline in the formulation of energy policy, are also presented.