Keywords: Algeria, economic development, cooperation, global energy economic, global energy electricity, global energy industry, photovoltaic solar energy, research, rural electrification, social development, solar potential, solar power
Rural electrification by photovoltaic solar energy in Algeria
The economic and social development in Algeria in the last years has been in need of continues increasing in demand of electricity, especially in the isolated countryside. Solar energy represents a significant potential in Algeria, the country receives more than 3,000 hour of sunshine per year with a high level of radiation. The average of daily solar irradiation is from 5 to 7 kW hour m−2 the Algerian government is conducting investments in solar energy and its applications. Large parts of electric demand are in the Sahara areas (∼80% of the total surface). A dispersed population, a very hot climate of strong radiations (∼7 kW hour m−2 these regions. The use of the conventional energy sources is costing very high and extensions of electric networks find enormous problems. The solar energy is adapted for these areas, which have shown satisfactory results, this energy substitute conventional sources in soon future.