Inderscience Publishers

Rural electrification through renewable energy in Nepal

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Nepal is rich in hydropower. However, due to various constraints the rural sector of Nepal is still deprived of a national electrical grid. Renewable energy resources are the most viable and accessible sources to electrify these rural sectors. Micro-hydro and solar photovoltaics (PV) are widely used renewable energies for rural electrification. Presently, this source provides electricity to only 7% of the rural population. The 10th Five-Year Plan sets a target of generating electricity equivalent to 10 MW from micro-hydro schemes and access to off-grid electrification for 12% of the then population. Different government organisations, non-government organisations, international non-government organisations and private institutions are involved in enhancing this sector. The Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), Energy Sector Assistance Programme-DANIDA and Rural Energy Development Programme (REDP/UNDP) can be regarded as the apex institutions for the support of this sector.

Keywords: electrification, renewable energy, rural, micro-hydro, solar power, solar energy, photovoltaic, Nepal, alternative energy

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